First Generation 70 Series (1990 - 1996)
The LAND CRUISER PRADO was born after implementing minor changes to the 1990 LAND CRUISER 70 Series wagon type. In addition to having a full-fledged 4WD system, the design was made for city use, and the variation was expanded in regards to the transmission and riding capacity (adding an 8-person vehicle), so that the model could target a younger audience. As for the 4-door sedan, the seats were enhanced, such as the center seat’s sliding function being altered to 60mm.
The engine carried was the 2,446c turbo diesel engine with 97 horsepower. To this, the 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic transmissions were combined.
For some grades, the two-stage shock absorber, which allows control and changes of the suspension’s damping force, was installed to improve running performance, and in addition, the four-wheel disk brake was installed to also enhance safety.
In addition, five grades were made available: the 2-door PRADO LX5, the 2-door PRADO SX5, the 4-door PRADO LX5, the 4-door PRADO SX5, and the PRADO EX5. Furthermore, with the exception of the LX5, there were two options available for the transmission, making it a total of 9 grades to choose from.
In May 1993, minor changes were implemented, and the 2,446cc diesel turbo engine was changed to the newly developed 2,982cc diesel turbo engine with 130 horsepower, thereby adhering to the 1992 Diesel Regulations and significantly improving engine performance.
In January 1995, very minor changes were made, such as the addition of new colors and changes to the seat covers.
Second Generation 90 Series (1996 - 2002)
The second generation model, introduced in May 1996, was designed so that the car body was the same as that of the HILUX SURF, and so that the texture and quality of the interior and exterior were greatly improved. With a heightened focus on city use, the drive system was carefully selected, and the lineup consisted of the 3-door short (5-person riding capability) and the 5-door long (8-person riding capability), and in addition, the over fender was added to enlarge the model to a 3 number body size. Furthermore, for the short and long, variations were made for the front design. For the short, rounded headlights were installed for a sportier look, and for the long, non-standard rectangular lights were installed for a stronger look. As for the interior, a design similar to that of the interior of the LAND CRUISER 80 series was utilized, further improving texture and quality.
For the engine, the following two types were made available: the V-type 3,378cc six-cylinder DOHC gasoline engine, as well as the 2,982cc four-cylinder diesel turbo engine that had been available with the previous generation model, and whose power output had increased to 140 horsepower with the addition of the intercooler.
The drive system as well was changed from part-time 4WD to full-time 4WD.
As for the combination of these engines with transmission, the 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic were combined with the RZ 3-door wide body carrying a gasoline engine, whereas the 4-speed automatic was combined with the 5-door wide body carrying a gasoline engine.
As for vehicles installed with diesel engines: the RJ with 3-door standard body was combined with 5-speed manual transmission; the RS with 4-speed automatic; the 5-door standard body TJ with 5-speed manual transmission; and the TS with 4-speed automatic transmission.
For wide body vehicles carrying diesel engines, there were various options, such as the 3-door RX and the more luxurious grade, the RZ, as well as the 5-person and 8-person TX, and the 8-person TX; in total, there were 16 grades.
In April 1997, the 2,693cc four-cylinder gasoline engine with 150 horsepower was added to the lineup, and the third seat was made detachable.
In June 1999, the power output of the diesel engine was increased to 145 horsepower, and through a facelift of the interior and exterior, the self-luminous meter was utilized, further improving texture and quality.
In February 2000, the diesel engine was changed to the 2,982cc four-cylinder common rail engine, and the power output was improved to a maximum of 170 horsepower.
Third Generation 120 Series (2002 - 2009)
For the third generation model, which was introduced in October 2002, the specialized frame was redesigned, and in terms of the interior, some grades were installed with genuine leather seats and wood, significantly improving product appeal. For the suspension system, with the aim to improve riding comfort, the H∞-TEMS and rear electronically controlled air suspension were newly installed, further improving its daily usability.
The engine lineup consisted of those that enhanced environmental performance, such as: the V6 3,378cc with 185 horsepower, the 2,693cc gasoline engine with 150 horsepower, and the 2,982cc diesel turbo engine with 170 horsepower and intercooler.
As for the car body, the length, width, and wheelbase were expanded to improve riding comfort. As such, for the 5-door, the interior length was enlarged by 75mm, and the width by 75mm as well.
The 3-door lineup was tightened whereas simultaneously, the 5-door was expanded; the 5-door 8-person TZ G Selection was introduced, with genuine leather seats, wooden interior, and leather + wooden steering wheel entering the lineup.
For the 3-door, the 4-grade was developed, and for the 5-door, the 8-grade.
In 2005, the V6 3,378cc with 185 horsepower was changed to the V6 3,955cc with 249 horsepower, significantly improving running performance. Moreover, the automatic transmission evolved to 5-speed while also contributing to enhanced fuel efficiency. However, at this time, the diesel engine disappeared from the lineup.
Fourth Generation 150 Series (2009 - )
In September 2009, another model change was implemented to produce the fourth generation model. The body type lineup consisted of the long wheelbase only. In terms of the interior equipment as well, the smart key, seats with heaters, and full auto air conditioning were added, further improving riding comfort. Furthermore, the world’s first multi-terrain monitor was equipped, allowing for better confirmation of road conditions.
Continued from the previous generation model were the V6 3,955cc and 2,693 gasoline engines; however, power output for both was improved to 276 horsepower and 163 horsepower. Both engines’ fuel efficiency was improved compared with those of the previous model; the 2,693cc engine achieved the "2010 Fuel Consumption Standard + 10%", and the 3,955cc engine achieved the "2010 Fuel Consumption Standard + 5%."
For the 3,955cc engine, the transmission that could be combined with this was the 5-speed automatic only, and for the 2,693cc engine, only the 4-speed automatic was made available.
For the grade structure, the following six grades made up the lineup: for vehicles carrying the 2,693cc engine, the 5-person to the 7-person TX and TX-L package; and for vehicles carrying the 3,955cc engine, the TX, TZ, and the highest quality TZ-G.
In September 2013, minor changes were implemented on the interior and exterior. In terms of the exterior, the front grille was enlarged, and for the interior, the seat material and colors were changed. Furthermore, a riding capacity of 5 people was added to the TX-L package.
|MODEL||Displacement||Drive System||Fuel||Lineup Year|
|1990-1996||Q-LJ78W||2,446||4WD||Diesel||1990 - 1992|