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TOYOTA DYNA: Which Version Do You Like for Used Car?

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First Generation (1957-1963)

The first generation model was named the TOYOTA DYNA as a result of a public naming competition for the RK62 truck. The exterior design was changed; additionally, the body variation was expanded, such as the introduction of the panel van, route van, light van, publicity/advertisement vehicle, and route bus.

The engine carried was the inline four-cylinder 1,453cc gasoline engine with 55 horsepower.

In April 1958, improvements were made to the engine, enhancing power output from 55 to 58 horsepower.

In April 1959, the gear shift lever was changed to a column-mounted shifter, and the seats were changed to 3-person seating.

In January 1962, the 1,900cc gasoline engine was newly installed.

Second Generation (1963-1968)

In April 1963, the DYNA underwent a full model change to its second generation model. This model utilized a specialized chassis, and a version with a loading deck whose length was expanded by 220mm to 3,100mm was added to the lineup. As for the exterior, the front lights were changed to quad round headlights.

The 1,897cc engine with 80 horsepower was made available.

In March 1964, the 2,336cc diesel engine with 65 horsepower was added to the lineup.

Third Generation (1969-1977)

In February 1969, the DYNA underwent another full model change to its third generation model. With the aim of enhancing high-speed running performance, improvements were made such as the strengthening of brake performance. Moreover, steps and the assist grip were newly installed to aid getting on and getting off and further enhance usability. The loading deck lineup consisted of the low-floor standard, 3-way wide deck (2-ton loading capacity), dump (2- and 2.5-ton), and long body.

The 1,994cc gasoline engine with 93 horsepower and 2,481cc diesel engine with 70 horsepower were made available.

In June 1969, the 3-tonner model was newly added.

Fourth Generation (1977-1984)



Another full model change led to the introduction of the fourth generation model in August 1977. This model was developed with a focus on improvements in usability and riding comfort, as well as enhancements of the diesel engine. Moreover, the body design was changed to one that emphasized a rectangular shape and strong lines to elicit a powerful impression. For the cab, the semi-cab over type was changed to the full-cab over type. As such, though the body length remained the same as that of the previous generation model, the wheelbase was reduced by 325mm to 2,390mm, and the minimum turning radius decreased from 5.7m to 5.2m, leading to improvements in usability.
The body type lineup included the just low, low-floor, high-floor (steel, wooden), long body, dump, double cab, and route van, ensuring a wide variety; as such, there were 22 variations available for the diesel engine, and 11 variations for the gasoline engine.

The engine lineup consisted of the 1,994cc gasoline engine with 95 horsepower, the 2,977cc diesel engine with 85 horsepower, the 2,481cc diesel engine with 75 horsepower, and the 3,576cc diesel engine with 100 horsepower.

In September 1980, the wide cab long body vehicle, whose cabin width was expanded by 300mm, was added to the lineup. For this grade, the length of the loading deck also increased to 4,310mm.

In April 1983, the 4,000cc diesel engine was also made available.

Fifth Generation (1984-1995)


In September 1984, another full model change led to the introduction of the fifth generation model. Improvements were made on the diesel engine; additionally, the body lineup was expanded and the body type options were enriched. For the exterior design, though it remained one that emphasized straight lines, the curved-surface window was newly installed, and the incline of the front window was sharpened, thus enhancing aerodynamic performance. Moreover, to secure downward visibility, large-sized side corner windows were installed.

For the interior as well, the design was changed to one that increased interior space and conveyed openness; for example, brighter interior colors were used.

The engine lineup consisted of four diesel types: the fuel efficient 3,431cc diesel engine with 100 horsepower, the 3,431cc turbocharged diesel engine with 130 horsepower, the 4,009cc diesel engine with 115 horsepower, and the 2,977cc diesel engine with 85 horsepower. For the gasoline engine, the 1,998cc with 105 horsepower and 1,998cc with 90 horsepower and LPG were made available.
For the transmission for the 4,009cc engine vehicles, the “one touch super gear shift” was installed, which allowed users to switch between economy and power by simply using a button and clutch. The basic transmission options were 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic.

Moreover, the options for specially equipped vehicles were enriched, such as with TECCS, demonstrating an effort to respond to the increased engine options and a wide variety of needs.

The body lineup for diesel engine vehicles consisted of 20 variations for the standard cab and 12 variations for the wide cab. For the gasoline engine vehicles, there were 6 variations for the standard cab. Finally, for LPG engine vehicles, there were 4 variations for the standard cab.

In May 1985, the “DYNA 100/150 Series” was added to the lineup, boasting a loading capacity of 1 ton, similar to the third generation HiAce Truck.

In 1987, minor changes to the front lights led to the quad round headlights being replaced by quad rectangular headlights.

In 1989, for the drive system of the 2-ton and 3-ton standard cab, in addition to the FR, the 4WD was newly added.

Sixth Generation (1995-1999)


In May 1995, the DYNA underwent a full model change to introduce its sixth generation model. This model change was aimed at improvements in running performance and the engine; additionally, the exterior design was refined, and improvements were made on the grand cab (with width measuring at 2,050mm). Moreover, the sliding capacity of the passenger seat was increased by 30mm, thus allowing drivers to find their perfect driving position, and therefore increasing usability. Especially for the grand cab, this was added, as well as the driver’s seat adjustable seatbelt anchor and electrically storable outer mirror.

The engine lineup consisted of the following diesel engines:

2,800cc 91 horsepower
3,400cc 98 horsepower
4,100cc 125 horsepower
4,100cc 155 horsepower(turbocharged)
5,300cc 145 horsepower

And the following gasoline engines:

2,000cc 88 horsepower
2,700cc 150 horsepower

Furthermore, a LPG engine option was made available:
2,700cc 125 horsepower

The transmission was changed to an electrical one for all vehicles, demonstrating efforts for enhancements in fuel efficiency.

In 1997, the super-low cab was added, which had the cabin positioned in front of the front wheels. For this grade, the cabin was moved forward by 690mm, and the floor was lowered by 85mm, thus making for a more comfortable boarding and exiting experience, as well as a larger trunk floor.

Seventh Generation 2-Tonner Series (1999-2011)

1-Tonner Series (2001 - )


The fifth generation model that was introduced in May 1999 was co-developed by TOYOTA and HINO MOTORS. Body types larger than the 2-tonner became the sister vehicles of the HINO DUTRO. The theme for the exterior design was curved lines, and non-standard headlights were installed to increase an air of novelty. Furthermore, the cabin space was expanded, and the designs for the instrument panel and seat covers were improved, further improving quality while at the same time, enhancing riding comfort.

Moreover, due to the front independent suspension system and large-size liquid-sealing cab mount led to enhancements in riding comfort. The wheelbase was the longest in its class, measuring at 4,200mm and leading to great improvements in loading capacity.

The engine lineup consisted of many varieties:

4,100cc 170 horsepower(turbocharged)
5,300cc 150 horsepower
4,900cc 140 horsepower
4,600cc 130 horsepower
3,700cc 100 horsepower

In June 2000, the gasoline engine vehicle and LPG engine vehicle underwent a model change. For the gasoline engine, the 1,998cc with 110 horsepower was newly installed.

In September 2002, a low-emission model was set up to adhere to low-emission vehicle regulations for metropolitan areas.

In May 2003, improvements were made on the engines carried. The gasoline and LPG engines were made to adhere to the 2001 Gas Emission Regulations, thus receiving certification as Excellent Low Emission Vehicles (E-LEV).

In September 2003, the hybrid model was added to the lineup.

Minor changes implemented in May 2004 led to the addition of the common rail fuel injection system and cool EGR system, as well as the clean diesel system DPR, which was combined with a high-performance catalyst that lowered PM levels; this led to the introduction of the Hino Motors-manufactured 4,009cc engine with 105 horsepower, 4,899cc with 135 horsepower, and 4,728cc with 180 horsepower, achieving cleaner gas emission. As such, all vehicle variations carrying the diesel engine (2-tonner to 4-tonner series) achieved “the “2001 85% Reduction Level in Standard Particulate Matter (four stars).”
Furthermore, for some grades, the 6-speed automatic transmission was added to the lineup.
In July of the same year, improvements were made on the 1-tonner series, and the engine carried was changed to the 2,494cc gasoline engine with 109 horsepower.

In September 2006, minor changes were made on the diesel 2-tonner to 4-tonner series; the engine carried was changed to an improved type-the N04C 4,009cc engine-thus receiving certification as “Low Gas Emission Vehicle (10% Reduction in NOx/PM Levels”).
In October of the same year, for the hybrid model as well, the system was improved; the motor for the drive system was made to be smaller in size but higher in power output, and the capacity of the inverter was increased, thus achieving great improvements in performance. Consequently, the model achieved a 10% reduction in emissions of NOx (nitrogen oxides) and PM (particulate matter) from the regulation values set by the 2005 (New Long-Term) Gas Emission Regulations; it therefore received certification as a “Low Emission Gas Vehicle.” Furthermore, the model became subject to the green tax plan, leading to tax reductions.

In May 2007, improvements were made on the diesel engine, and as a result of the addition of the 2,693cc gasoline engine with 151 horsepower, all vehicles (including LPG vehicles) adhered to the “2005 (New Long-Term) Gas Emission Regulations. At the same time, design changes were made on the interior and exterior; the radiator grille was redesigned with a horizontal theme, thus leading to a design that conveyed a more powerful impression.

In May 2010, the torque characteristics of the diesel engine was improved, and the manual transmission was changed from the 5-speed to the 6-speed, leading to enhanced fuel efficiency. As such, fuel consumption improved to 10.4km/L for the 2-tonner, and 9.6km/L for the 3-tonner, achieving “2015 Fuel Consumption Standards.” In addition to the certification for the “2015 Standards for NOx & PM Gas Emissions + 10% Reduction in Emission Levels,” which it had already attained, due to the “Tax Plan for the Popularization of Eco-Friendly Vehicles,” its drivers received a 75% reduction in automobile acquisition tax and motor vehicle tonnage tax in Japan

Eight Generation 2-Tonner Series (2011 - )


In June 2011, the 2-tonner underwent a full model change. Improvements were made on the diesel hybrid system, with a special focus on enhancing usability and riding comfort. To further improve aerodynamic performance, the exterior design was changed; additionally, for the interior, additions were made to increase functionality, such as the installment of a large-sized tray in the instrument panel.

The engine lineup consisted of the following diesel engines:

2,982cc 144 horsepower
4,009cc 116 horsepower, 136& horsepower, 150 horsepower, 180 horsepower

And the following gasoline engines were made available:

2,693cc 148 horsepower

Additionally, the LPG engine option was:

1,998cc 116 horsepower

For the diesel engine, the high-pressure common rail fuel injection system and high-performance catalyst DPR were improved.

For the hybrid system, the 4,009cc diesel engine with 150 horsepower was combined with a 49-horsepower motor, and a 2-pedal specialized 5-speed AMT transmission was utilized. For this hybrid system, it was made possible to start the vehicle using only the motor, thus leading to greater fuel efficiency; fuel consumption was significantly improved to 12.2km/L for the 2-tonner and 11.6km/L for the 3-tonner.

Installment of the hybrid system was expanded to specially equipped vehicles, leading to the addition of the refrigerator truck, freezer truck, and other types to the lineup.

 MODELDisplacementFuelLine-Up Year
1959-1963RK621,453Gasoline1957
RK701,453Gasoline1958 - 1963
RK751,453Gasoline1958 - 1963
RK851,453Gasoline1959 - 1963
RK1601,900Gasoline1962, 1963
1963-1968RK1701,897Gasoline1963 - 1968
#rowspa2,326Diesel1963 - 1968
1969-1977RU101,994Gasoline1969-1977
RU10-B1,994Gasoline
RU10-BB1,994Gasoline
RU10-H1,994Gasoline
RU10D-H1,994Gasoline
RU12D1,994Gasoline
RU151,994Gasoline
RU15-H1,994Diesel
JU102,481Diesel
JU10-B2,481Diesel
JU10-BB2,481Diesel
JU10-H2,481Diesel
JU10D-H2,481Diesel
JU122,481Diesel
JU152,481Diesel
JU15-H2,481Diesel
1977-1984BU202,977Diesel1977-1984
BU302,977Diesel
BU20D2,977Diesel
BU20V2,977Diesel
BU20HV2,977Diesel
RU201,994Gasoline
RU301,994Gasoline
RU20D1,994Gasoline
RU20V1,994Gasoline
1984-1995BU64D3,431Diesel1984-1995
BU62D3,431Diesel
BU823,431Diesel
BU603,431Diesel
BU612,977Diesel
BU623,431Diesel
BU663,661Diesel
BU802,977Diesel
BU823,431Diesel
BU842,977Diesel
BU853,431Diesel
BU883,661Diesel
WU75D4,009Diesel
LY602,446Diesel
YU601,998Gasoline
YU61D1,998Gasoline
YY501,626Gasoline
YY521,998Gasoline
YY611,998Gasoline
WU75D4,009Diesel
WU85D4,009Diesel
WU954,009Diesel
1995-1999BU1003,431Diesel1995-1999
BU1024,104Diesel
BU1424,104Diesel
BU1124,104Diesel
BU102H4,104Diesel
RZU1002,693Gasoline
RZU100H2,693Gasoline
BU2024,104Diesel
BU2124,104Diesel
BU2224,104Diesel
1999-2011BU3013,660Diesel1999-2011
BU3063,660Diesel
BU3463,660Diesel
BU4004,104Diesel
BU4104,104Diesel
BU4204,104Diesel
BU4304,104Diesel
BZU3004,104LPG
BZU3404,104LPG
BZU6004,104LPG
BZU600A4,104LPG
FB5BCAT4,104Diesel
RZU3002,693Gasoline
RZU300A2,693Gasoline
RZU3402,693Gasoline
RZY2201,998Gasoline
RZY2301,998Gasoline
TRU3002,693Gasoline
TRU300A2,693Gasoline
TRU3402,693Gasoline
TRU5002,693Gasoline
XKU308H4,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU3444,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU3484,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU4144,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU4244,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU508H4,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XZU130A5,300Diesel
XZU300H4,600Diesel
XZU3015,300Diesel
XZU301D4,900Diesel
XZU301H4,900Diesel
XZU3024,900Diesel
XZU302D4,900Diesel
XZU302H4,900Diesel
XZU3044,900Diesel
XZU304A4,900Diesel
XZU304D4,900Diesel
XZU304H4,900Diesel
XZU3064,900Diesel
XZU3074,600Diesel
XZU3084,009Diesel
XZU311D4,900Diesel
XZU312D4,600Diesel
XZU314D4,009Diesel
XZU321D4,900Diesel
XZU3224,600Diesel
XZU322D4,600Diesel
XZU324D4,009Diesel
XZU3305,300Diesel
XZU3314,900Diesel
XZU3344,009Diesel
XZU3374,600Diesel
XZU3384,009Diesel
XZU3404,600Diesel
XZU3414,900Diesel
XZU3424,600Diesel
XZU3444,009Diesel
XZU3464,900Diesel
XZU3474,600Diesel
XZU3484,009Diesel
XZU351D4,900Diesel
XZU352D4,600Diesel
XZU354D4,009Diesel
XZU3624,600Diesel
XZU362D4,600Diesel
XZU3684,009Diesel
XZU368D4,009Diesel
XZU3724,600Diesel
XZU3784,009Diesel
XZU3824,600Diesel
XZU3884,009Diesel
XZU4004,600Diesel
XZU400A5,300Diesel
XZU4014,900Diesel
XZU4024,600Diesel
XZU4044,009Diesel
XZU404A4,009Diesel
XZU4105,300Diesel
XZU4114,900Diesel
XZU4124,600Diesel
XZU4144,009Diesel
XZU4205,300Diesel
XZU4214,900Diesel
XZU4244,009Diesel
XZU4305,300Diesel
XZU4344,009Diesel
XZU4544,009Diesel
XZU4884,009Diesel
XZU5044,009Diesel
XZU5084,009Diesel
XZU524D4,009Diesel
XZU5384,009Diesel
XZU5484,009Diesel
XZU554D4,009Diesel
XZU5684,009Diesel
XZU568D4,009Diesel
KDY2202,494Diesel
KDY221 2,982Diesel
KDY2302,494Diesel
KDY2312,982Diesel
KDY2702,494Diesel
KDY2712,982Diesel
KDY2802,494Diesel
KDY2812,982Diesel
TRY2201,998Gasoline
TRY2301,998Gasoline
TRY2311,998LPG
LY2012,779Diesel
LY2112,779Diesel
LY2202,985Diesel
LY2302,985Diesel
LY2702,985Diesel
LY2802,985Diesel
YY2011,998Gasoline
YY2111,998Gasoline
2011-TRC6002,693LPG2011-
TRC600A2,693LPG
TRU6002,693LPG
XKC6054,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKC6454,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKC6554,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU6004,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU600A4,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU6054,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU6404,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU6454,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU6504,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU6554,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU7004,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU7104,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XKU7204,009Hybrid Independent Front Suspension Axle
XZC6004,009Diesel
XZC6054,009Diesel
XZC610D4,009Diesel
XZC630D4,009Diesel
XZC6404,009Diesel
XZC6454,009Diesel
XZC6554,009Diesel
XZC6754,009Diesel
XZC675D4,009Diesel
XZC7104,009Diesel
XZU6004,009Diesel
XZU600A4,009Diesel
XZU600D4,009Diesel
XZU600H4,009Diesel
XZU600W4,009Diesel
XZU6054,009Diesel
XZU610D4,009Diesel
XZU620D4,009Diesel
XZU630D4,009Diesel
XZU6404,009Diesel
XZU640W4,009Diesel
XZU6454,009Diesel
XZU6504,009Diesel
XZU650W4,009Diesel
XZU6554,009Diesel
XZU6754,009Diesel
XZU675D4,009Diesel
XZU6854,009Diesel
XZU6954,009Diesel
XZU7004,009Diesel
XZU700A4,009Diesel
XZU7104,009Diesel
XZU7204,009Diesel
XZU7304,009Diesel
XZU7754,009Diesel
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