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MAZDA TITAN: Which Version Do You Like for Used Car?

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First Generation (1971-1980)

The first generation MAZDA TITAN was released in August 1971 as MAZDA's traditional small-sized/mid-sized truck. It used a cab over style that was being used by other manufacturers. A distinct characteristic of the design was the use of quad round headlights.

The engine lineup consisted of the 1,985cc gasoline engine and 2,522cc diesel engine. Later, in 1972, with the aim to increase running performance, the “TITAN 2700” carrying a 2,700cc diesel engine was added to the lineup. Additionally, in 1976, the “TITAN 3700” carrying a 3,663cc diesel engine was also added to the lineup.

In 1977, minor changes were made to the front design. The quad round headlights that had been positioned in a separate bezel were changed so that they integrated with the blacked out front grille. Furthermore, the displacement of the engine installed was also enlarged, and the 2,700cc was replaced by the 3,000cc diesel engine, further enriching the lineup.

Second Generation (1980-1989)

A full model change in October 1980 led to the evolution of the TITAN to its second generation model. In terms of the outer appearance, the edges were emphasized more strongly for a stronger and more powerful design. Moreover, the front grille surrounding the quad round headlights were made the same color as the body, clearly differentiating this model from the first generation model.

Mechanical changes were made as well; a speed-changing device called the 2Way Shift was installed. For this model, users were able to choose between the Lo Mode with enhanced driving performance and the Hi Mode with improved fuel efficiency; users were thus able to shift gears according to their needs and situation.

Moreover, MAZDA's specialty non-standard-sized front and rear tires were installed to realize a low-floor trunk. By equipping small-diameter rear tires, the model was able to avoid the tire house sticking out into the trunk, thus leading to greater and more efficient loading capacity. Today, other manufacturers use these small-diameter tires, but the TITAN was the first to employ them.

Only diesel engines were made available-a four-cylinder 2,520cc engine, a four-cylinder 2,970cc engine, and a six-cylinder 4,000cc engine.

In May 1984, minor changes were implemented to achieve enhancements in displacement, as well as cleaner gas emission to adhere to 1983 Gas Emission Regulations. For the outer appearance as well, a large-sized front grille was installed. Moreover, the 3,500cc diesel engine was newly added to the lineup.

In 1987, further minor changes were made, leading to alterations to the exterior design. The quad round headlights were changed to quad rectangular headlights. Additionally, in terms of the interior, improvements were made, such as making space for audio equipment in the instrument panel.

Third Generation (1989-2000)

In May 1989, the third generation model was introduced. The exterior employed a design that emphasized straight lines, carrying over the boxy design of the previous generation model's cabin; however, some changes were made, such as the color of the front body being made the same color as that of the body. Moreover, the leading edge of the side windows were lowered, improving visibility.

The engine lineup consisted of diesel engines with displacements of 2,520cc, 3,000cc, 3,500cc, 4,000cc, 4,300cc, and 4,600cc, and a 4,000cc LPG engine.

As for the drive system, for the 4,300cc engine vehicle, the 4WD was made available.

Another characteristic of this third generation model was that it underwent frequent facelifts. In particular, the headlights were changed from quad rectangular lamps to double non-standard ones, then back to quad rectangular lamps, and finally, to double non-standard lamps.

In October 1997, minor changes were made to the interior and exterior, and the steel used for the trunk of the dump truck was reevaluated, leading to heightened durability. The newly utilized water-proof steel plates were more able to prevent rusting compared to plates of the past, realizing an overall double to triple resistance to corrosion. Furthermore, the life span of the coating was doubled. Durability also increased, as the model was two times stronger than previous models.

In terms of the exterior design, the front grille design was changed, and the headlights were changed to double non-standard headlights. Moreover, the areas painted black under the front window were enlarged, leading to a more refined appearance.

As for the interior, changes were made to the seat covers and upholstery, leading to a brighter interior.

In terms of functionality, for vehicles without a fixed column, another “walking plank” that assists loading into and off the trunk was added to the rear of the trunk, making for a total of three.

As for the lineup, the full wide low vehicle was added, as well as additions to the engine lineup. The “4,300cc engine 2-ton full wide low standard cabin long, dump truck,” the “4,600cc engine 2-ton full wide low standard cabin long dump truck,” the “4,300cc engine 2-ton full wide low standard cabin standard body flat body,” and the “4,600cc engine 2-ton high-floor W standard cabin long flat body” were newly added to the lineup. As such, the lineup was significantly enriched, as seen in the chart below:

EngineFuelCabinTrunkLoading CapacityType
3000 Diesel StandardStandard1.5 tons Wide Low
Wide Low
4000DieselStandardStandard2.0 tons Wide Low
Long Long 2.0 tons High Floor W
StandardStandard2.0 tons Wide Low Dump
4300DieselStandardStandard 11-shaku

3.0 tons Wide Low
(1 shaku = 3.03cm)
WideLong 2.0 tons High Floor W
StandardStandard2.0 tons High Floor W Dump
Standard2.0 tonsHigh Floor 4WD Dump
4600 Diesel Wide Long3.5 tons Wide Low
Super Long 4.0 tonsHigh Floor W
Standard Standard 2.0 tons High Floor W Dump
4000LPG Standard Standard 3.0 tonsHigh Floor W
In November 1999, improvements were made to the 4,000cc engine for it to adhere to the 1998 Gas Emission Regulations. For this engine, by making the fuel injection system and EGR system electric, fuel consumption could be controlled with much greater precision, ultimately preventing the emission of problematic gases. Moreover, by high-pressurizing the fuel injection pump, fuel efficiency was greatly improved. These changes led to its achieving power output of 108 horsepower, while significantly reducing emissions of NOx and black smoke.

Fourth Generation (2000-2004)

In May 2000, the TITAN underwent a full model change to its fourth generation model. With this model change, spaces in the cabin were enlarged to further improve comfort, and greater ease of getting on and off the vehicle, a wider adjustable driving position, and enhanced loading capacity were achieved.

For the exterior, the pentagon-shaped grille-what could be called MAZDA's identity-was arranged and utilized. Moreover, the windows were enlarged, achieving a bright and clean cabin. In terms of the headlights as well, they were multi-reflector types that gave a festive feel, and at the same time, fog lamps were built in to enhance functionality.

As for the interior, leg space was enlarged, and the steering wheel's adjustable width was increased, leading to a more comfortable driving environment. In terms of the seats, the structure and materials used were reevaluated, and ease of getting on and off the vehicle was improved.

The opening of the side door was enlarged, and the assist grip's position was reevaluated, leading to a more comfortable experience of getting on and off the vehicle.

A newly developed wooden trunk was used, leading to enhanced loading capacity. For the standard cabin and standard body vehicles, the length of this trunk was 3,120mm, 20mm greater than previous models, and the width also increased by 20mm, measuring at 1,620mm. Moreover, the height was increased by 10mm to measure 380mm, thus allowing for tall cargo to be loaded as well.
The height of the trunk floor from the ground was 765mm for the wide low.

The engine lineup consisted of the 3,000cc, 4,000cc, 4,300cc, and 4,600cc diesel engines. The transmission options consisted of the 5-speed manual, 6-speed manual, and 4-speed automatic.

Combining these engines and trunks, the lineup was as follows:


EngineFuelCabinTrunkLoading CapacityType
3000 DieselStandard/High RoofStandard1.5tonsWide Low
Full Wide Low
4000Diesel Standard/High RoofStandard2.0 tonsWide Low
2.0 tonsFull Wide Low
4300 Diesel Standard/High RoofStandard2.0 tonsWide Low
Long2.0 tonsHigh Floor W
4600 DieselStandard/High RoofStandard2.0 tonsFull Wide Low
StandardStandard2.0 tonsHigh Floor W
3.0 tonsHigh Floor W
WideLong2.0 tonsFull Wide Low
Super Long4.0 tonsHigh Floor W


Engine Fuel CabinTrunkLoading CapacityType
4000Diesel Standard Long 2.0 tonsFull Wide Low/Standard
2.0 tons High Floor W/Dokaroku
4300 Diesel Standard Long2.0 tons Wide Low/Dokaroku
2.0 tons High Floor W/Dokaroku
4600 Diesel Standard Long2.0 tons High Floor W/Dokaroku
3.0 tonsHigh Floor W/Dokaroku
Wide Super Long 4.0 tonsHigh Floor W/Dokaroku

In November 2000, the CNG engine vehicle was added to the lineup. The newly introduced 4,000cc CNG engine vehicle was installed with two gas cylinders on the right and the left, enlarging tank capacity to 227L. As such, possible driving distance increased to 290km. For the power output, 110 horsepower was realized. The lineup of vehicles that could carry this engine, with the truck body type, consisted of:

EngineFuelCabinTruckLoading CapacityType
4000 CNGStandard Standard 2.0 tonsFull Wide Low
High Floor 2.0 tonsLow Frame Chassis (for Garbage Trucks)

Fifth Generation (2004-2007)

In 2004, the TITAN underwent another full model change; however, from this model, it changed to the Isuzu Elf's OEM. With this model change, environmental performance was greatly improved. In terms of outer design, by using metal-plated parts and discharge headlamps, it was transformed to a more modern appearance.

The engine lineup consisted of the 4,777cc naturally aspirated engine with 130 horsepower, turbocharged engines with 130 horsepower, 160 horsepower, and 180 horsepower, and the 3,059cc diesel engine with 88 horsepower. Moreover, the CNG and LPG engines from the previous generation model were added to the lineup.

For the 4,777cc diesel engine in particular, it was installed with a common rail super high-pressure fuel injection system and cooled EGR, and it was also made electric for a cleaner gas emission. Moreover, by employing a “Diesel Particulate Defuser,” a device designed to remove diesel particulate matter from the exhaust gas of a diesel engine, the model received certification as a “Super-Low PM Emission Diesel Vehicle (85% Reduction) .” Furthermore, the 4,777cc diesel turbocharged engine was equipped with a PM catalytic converter, allowing the model to receive certification as a “Super-Low PM Emission Diesel Vehicle (75% Reduction) .”As such, users were able to get tax reductions and exemptions at the time of purchase.

For the transmission, the 2-pedal manual transmission, “Smoother E,” was newly made available. This transmission had a good balance of the comfort of the automatic and the fuel efficiency of the manual.

Combining these, the lineup was:

EngineFuel Cabin TrunkLoading CapacityDrive System
3100Diesel Standard Standard 1.25 tons4WD
1.45 tons 2WD
4800 NADiesel Standard Standard 2.0 tons 2WD
Long2.0 tons 2WD
2.0 tons 4WD
4800 TurboDiesel Wide Super Long4.0 tons 2WD

Sixth Generation (2007-)

In January 2007, the current sixth generation model was introduced. As with the previous generation model, this model was a Isuzu Elf OEM. With this model change, improvements were made to the upholstery and engine. As for the cabin, a middle cabin was newly installed; it was 75mm wider than the standard cabin, measuring at 1,770mm and allowing for greater riding comfort when three people are sitting.

The 2,999cc naturally aspirated turbocharged diesel engine and 5,200cc diesel engine were made available.

The newly improved “Smoother Ex” transmission was added to the lineup.

In May 2009, improvements were made to enhance fuel efficiency. In addition to the 1.5-ton and 2-ton standard cabin and middle cabin vehicles, the 3-ton standard cabin and middle cabin vehicles newly achieved the “2015 Heavy Weight Vehicles Fuel Consumption Standards,” thus making them subject to reductions in automobile acquisition tax and motor vehicle tonnage tax in Japan.

In June 2011, the diesel engine lineup was consolidated to the 2,999cc engine with 150 horsepower, which was able to adhere to Post New Long-Term Gas Emission Regulations. Through this improvement, the 2WD vehicles carrying diesel engines all became subject to special tax reduction measures for eco-friendly vehicles; moreover, they received certification in accordance with the Kyu-Tokenshi (the nine prefectures and cities of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, Saitama, Yokohama, Kawasaki, Sagamihara, Chiba City, and Saitama City) Low-Emission Vehicles (2009 Standards “Excellent” Low Emission Vehicles).

In May 2012, improvements were made, such as the installation of the Rear Under-Run Protection, which prevents penetration of the passenger vehicle in the event of a rear collision. Furthermore, the model was newly certified as a low gas emission vehicle; among these, grades that achieved 2015 Fuel Consumption Standards became subject to new eco-friendly tax reductions and subsidies.

In November 2014, minor changes were made to the interior and exterior, and improvements were made on the engine. The front grille design was changed to one that integrated the grille with the headlights. Moreover, in terms of the interior, seat cover materials were changed, further leading to enhanced quality.

As for the engine, the compression ratio was lowered, and the injector was improved as well. Furthermore, the “Ecostop” idling stop function was installed to flat body and van chassis vehicles as standard equipment. As this “Ecostop” adhered to 2014 Fuel Consumption Standards +10%,” the vehicle was subject to reductions in automobile acquisition tax and motor vehicle tonnage tax in Japan. For other car models, fuel efficiency standards were improved, thus widening tax reduction coverage.

 MODELDisplacementFuelDrive SystemLine-Up Year
1971-1980EVB12D1,985GasolineFR1971 - 1973
EXC12D2,522DieselFR1971 - 1973
EVH12D1,985GasolineFR1973 - 1980
EXM12D2,522DieselFR1973 - 1977
2,700DieselFR1972 - 1977
3,663DieselFR1976 - 1980
3,000DieselFR1977 - 1980
1980-1989WEW2,520DieselFR1980 - 1989
WEX 4,000DieselFR
WELAD3,500DieselFR1984 - 1989
1989-2000WG31T4,300DieselFR1989 - 2000
2000-2004WH33F4,300DieselFR2000 - 2004
WH65H (renewed)4,000LPGFR
WHF5G (renewed) 4,000LPGFR
WHF5T (renewed)4,000LPGFR
2004-2007LHR693,059DieselFR2004 - 2007
2007-LPR75 (Rigid)4,777DieselFR2007 - 2010
LHR855,200DieselFR2007 -
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