First Generation GC240/340 Model Series (1971-1982)
The first generation NISSAN CIVILIAN, introduced in 1971, was developed after making minor changes to the NISSAN ECHO. The body's side panel was carried over from the ECHO, and the only changes made were to the front and back designs. Because of the difference in wheelbase, two body types-the standard and the long-were introduced in the lineup.
From a mechanical aspect, improvements were limited to one area, such as the expansion of the tread of the rear single tire vehicle.
The engine options consisted of the 2,000cc gasoline engine with 92 horsepower and the 2,200cc engine with 65 horsepower.
In January 1973, the diesel engine was replaced by one with 3,000cc displacement and 85 horsepower, marking great improvements in driving performance.
In June 1980, a diesel engine with an even greater displacement of 3,300cc and power output of 96 horsepower was added. Additionally, enhancements were made to improve power output shortage when using the A/C or when carrying multiple passengers.
Second Generation W40 Model (1982-1999)
In August 1982, a full model change led to the release of the second generation model. This model saw enlargements of the car body for both the standard and long body type, greatly improving riding comfort. In terms of the exterior design, the front area had quad round headlights that were carried over from the previous generation model; however, the window areas were expanded and the body design was made more box-like and square, increasing an air of polished sophistication. Moreover, greater visibility was also secured.
The engine lineup consisted of the 2,187cc gasoline engine with 105 horsepower, the inline four-cylinder 3,300cc engine with 96 horsepower, and the inline six-cylinder 3,300cc diesel engine with 95 horsepower.
In July 1984, the diesel turbocharged engine was newly added to the lineup. This engine boasted a displacement of 3,300cc and power output of 120 horsepower, marking improvements in running performance.
In May 1988, minor change were implemented; the exterior design saw various alterations, such as the replacement of the quad round headlights by quad rectangular headlights. Moreover, with the aim to increase power output, the 3,300cc diesel turbocharged engine was replaced by one with a higher displacement-the 4,200cc diesel engine. This engine saw improved power output to 125 horsepower, and due to the improvement in torque at low-speed rotation, running performance was also enhanced.
Furthermore, gasoline engine vehicles were discontinued.
In terms of the suspension system, vehicles equipped with air suspension were newly added.
In June 1990, the engine lineup was changed. Up until this point, two types of diesel engines-the 3,300cc and 4,200cc-had been made available. The 3,300cc was changed to one with increased displacement of 3,500cc, leading to an improvement in power output to 105 horsepower.
In August 1995, further minor changes were made. The exterior saw changes in the headlights, from the quad rectangular headlamps to large-sized double rectangular headlamps. Moreover, the opening of the front bumper was expanded, thus allowing for a new design that emphasized unity of the front area.
With the aim for further increase in power output, the 4,200cc engine was turbocharged, significantly increasing its power output to 155 horsepower.
Third Generation W41 Model (1999-)
The current third generation model went on sale in February 1999. The exterior design featured window areas that were further enlarged, and flushed surface was applied while integrating with the bumper, further increasing the front area's appearance of unity with the entire car body. For the rear area as well, vertical and enlarged tail lamps were utilized, improving visibility.
The standard body and long body were made available as the body type; furthermore, responding to needs, a school bus for use in picking up and dropping off children for schools such as kindergartens was introduced. For the doors as well, the swing door and the folding door were made available. Riding capacity for the standard body is 26 people, and the long body 29 people. For the school bus, the riding capacity for the standard body is 3 adults + 41 children or 3 adults + 39 children, and the long body is 3 adults + 51 children.
The car body size of the standard body measures in length, width, and height at 6,270mm, 2,065m, and 2,635mm respectively, and for the long body, 6,990mm, 2,065mm, and 2,635mm respectively. The interior length measures at 5,585mm for the standard body, and 6,305mm for the long body, securing a spacious interior and realizing maximum riding comfort.
For the suspension system, the air suspension was carried over for certain grades, achieving improved riding comfort.
The engine lineup consists of the 4,200cc naturally aspirated engine with 125 horsepower and the 4,200cc turbocharged diesel engine with 155 horsepower.
In 2003, a model carrying a 4,478cc CNG engine was added to the lineup.
In 2004, the 4,478cc gasoline engine was added to the lineup. Improvements were made on vehicles carrying diesel engines; the 4,899cc diesel engine was newly supplied by the MITSUBISHI FUSO Truck/Bus. This diesel engine led to improvements in environmental performance, adhering to New Short-Term Gas Emission Regulations and receiving certification as a super-low PM gas emission diesel vehicle. Moreover, the transmissions that could be combined were made more varied, improving the lineup to 6-speed manual and 6-speed automatic transmissions.
In August 2007, the diesel engine was temporarily discontinued, consolidating all engines to the gasoline engine.
In June 2008, the diesel engine was revived; the 3,000cc direct infusion diesel turbocharged engine with 150 horsepower and intercooler was installed, adhering to the 2005 New Long-Term Gas Emission Standards. Due to these changes in the engine lineup, the transmissions that could be combined with them were also changed to the 4-speed automatic and 5-speed manual.
From a mechanical aspect, auto swing doors were installed as standard equipment on all vehicles, except for the school bus.
In July 2010, due to stricter environmental standards, the diesel engine was discontinued again. As such, the only engine option became the 4,478cc gasoline engine with 173 horsepower.
In July 2012, the equipment installed were reevaluated. For certain grades, the passenger seats' seat belts were changed from two-point to three-point, marking greater improvements in safety features. Moreover, remote controlled mirrors and rear windows with defoggers were installed on all vehicles as standard equipment.
|1971-1982||GC240/340||2,000||Gasoline||1971 - 1981|
|2,200||Diesel||1971 - 1973|
|3,000||Diesel||1973 - 1981|
|1982-1999||M-UW40||2,187||Gasoline||1982 - 1988|
|P-FGW40||3,300||Diesel||1984 - 1989|
|RYW40||4,200||Diesel||1988 - 1999|
|U-RW40||4,200||Diesel||1995 - 1999|
|1999-||BCW41||4,200||Diesel||1999 - 2007|
|W41||4,478||CNG||2003 - 2014|
|ACW41||4,899||Diesel||2004 - 2007|
|DCW41||4,478||Gasoline||2004 - 2014|
|PA-ACW42||4,899||Diesel||2004 - 2007|
|ECW41||3,000||Diesel||2008 - 2010|