Precise observation and meticulous maintenance are the key factors to give your car a long and a rust free life. Rust makes your car looks dull and unattractive. It can cause serious destruction if it is not treated on time. Rust is nothing but iron oxide, it is a molecule comprising of three oxygen atoms and two iron atoms. Corrosion happens and gives birth to rust. Rust is formed when there are three elements. An anode, a cathode and an electrolyte! An anode, which is a piece of metal readily, releases electrons under favorable conditions. Cathode does the functions of accepting electrons and electrolytes are the liquids that facilitate the movement of electrons.
When the anode metal allows the flow of electrons to reach the cathode via the electrolyte, the anode corrodes. When the anode is the iron, it partly rusts. When this happens the metal, in this case the surface of the car weakens. Apart from the surface, some other parts of the vehicle like the car’s engine, chassis, trunk compartment and the exhaust system are more vulnerable to rust. Other options like the trailer hitches are also susceptible to rust. Painted surfaces can also fall prey to rust.
Salt water makes it easier for the rust to form on the car. An object that is difficult to rust otherwise will rust quickly if it comes with salt water. If you live near the ocean, your car is more susceptible to catch rust.
But, don’t make the mistake of thinking that salt won’t affect your car if you live a hundred miles away from the salty water. There are many people who tend to use salt to get rid of ice and snow from the car. As the ice starts to melt, there is just the electrolyte left on the car and that can make your car into rust basket.
One thing is clear that no car is completely resistible to rust. Whether you stay near the beach or in a dry area, your car has the high risk of catching rust. The manufacturers give the car a protective layer of paint and primer but if there are any scratches or dents on the car, moisture can come in contact with the bare metal and gives rise to the anode and cathode reaction producing rust. So protecting that layer of paint or primer is of prime importance if you want to get rid of rust.
Washing helps. Wash your car on a regular basis, may be every two weeks. Wax it every four months. Take care that nothing is spilt in the inside of the car. If spills, clean and dry the area before it starts rusting.
Sometimes, when you stay in conditions favorable for rust, you might need to apply a rust preventive coating. Trick is to keep the metal surfaces dry after you clean them with water. Use at least a lubricant, wax, protective rust coating or a lacquer.
Whenever possible, cover your car with its car cover. Try to drive a little further from surrounding vehicles to prevent kicks from the pebbles.
Observe your car often. Check out the engine, trunk, undercarriage of the car and the external painted parts for rust. If the paint starts to bubble up, check for the underneath areas.
Treat the rust with some paint work quickly. If the existing rust is easy to remove, try removing it immediately. Use some sprays available.
A short procedure given underneath can help you to treat rust:
1.The rust area should be thoroughly washed.
2.Dry the area thoroughly.
3.Use a masking tape and tape off the area surrounding the rust.
4.Rub the rusted area with sandpaper.
5.Rub it thoroughly until the entire rust is gone.
6.Use a dry cloth to remove all the extra rust that is there.
7.Observe the previously rusted area.
8.Wipe again with a damp cloth not a wet cloth after taking off the tape.
9.Apply primer to the sanded area.
10.Let the primer dry off completely.
These steps will help you get rid of the unwanted rust.